The humble spark plug has changed very little over the years—and changing them is as simple as ever.
You will need
- A vehicle owner's manual
- New spark plugs
- A socket wrench
- A spark plug socket
- A socket wrench swivel joint
- And a socket wrench extension
- A spark plug wire puller
- A cleaning rag
- And rubbing alcohol
Step 1 Let car cool down Park your car and wait for it to cool down. This may take a few hours, since the spark plugs are among the hottest parts of your engine.
Step 2 Locate spark plugs Pop open the hood and locate your spark plugs by referring to your owner’s manual.
Step 3 Remove one spark plug Remove one spark plug wire from the end of the row by pulling its boot, or the little cap where it connects to the engine — not by yanking on the wire itself.
You can also use a spark plug wire puller to easily detach the wire.
Step 4 Attach spark plug to socket wrench Attach the spark plug socket to the socket wrench. You may need to use a swivel joint and/or a socket wrench extension to reach the spark plug.
Step 5 Remove spark plug Remove the spark plug by turning the socket wrench counterclockwise.
Step 6 Make sure hole's clean Make sure that the spark plug hole is clean. If necessary, use a rag and rubbing alcohol or compressed air to clean the spark plug hole.
Step 7 Install new spark plug Carefully install a new spark plug into the empty hole and tighten it by hand.
Step 8 Secure new spark plug Use the socket wrench to secure the new spark plug in place.
Step 9 Reconnect spark plug wire Reconnect the spark plug wire onto the new spark plug.
Changing your spark plugs one at a time prevents incorrect installation that can affect the car’s timing and engine performance.
Step 10 Move on to next spark plug When you have successfully changed a spark plug, move on to the next one until you have finished installing all new plugs.
Diesel engines don’t use spark plugs.