Up next in Learn about Beer (16 videos)
Beer is good! And it can taste even better with the brewski tips in this Howcast video series.
You Will Need
- Sodium percarbonate
- A large bucket
- A 5-gallon stock pot with a lid
- An assistant
- A measuring cup
- A cup and a whisk
- A long metal spoon
- Plastic tubing
- A glass of water
- 2 cans of liquid malt extract
- 1 1/4 oz. hops
- A thermometer
- A 6-gallon fermenting bucket or glass carboy
- A funnel
- Brewer’s ale yeast
- An airlock and stopper
- Household bleach
- Extra hops
- A mesh strainer
- A hydrometer
Set aside several hours to make your beer, and verify that you have all your equipment and ingredients close at hand. Brewing is a time-sensitive process.
Bacteria or other contaminants can spoil your brew completely. Sanitize all equipment with sodium percarbonate, available at home-brew supply stores. Everything that will come in contact with your brew should be sanitized. Rinse thoroughly.
Boil the wort
Fill the pot with three gallons of water and heat on high. Add the malt extract when the water is hot, not boiling, and stir it until it dissolves. This mixture is called 'wort.'
Add hops and boil
When the wort hits a rolling boil, add one ounce of hops. Continue to boil the wort on medium heat for one hour, stirring often. This will kill any bacteria that may have snuck into the mixture. At the end of the hour, as you turn off the heat, add an additional one-quarter ounce of hops to enhance aroma and flavor.
Cool the wort
Cover the pot and remove it from the heat. Place it in a large sink or bathtub, surround it with ice, and cool to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure no ice cubes sneak into the wort.
Add cold water
Once the wort has cooled, pour 2 gallons or so of cold water into the container you are using as a fermenter: either the bucket or glass carboy.
Transfer wort to the fermenter
Pour the wort into the fermenter. If you are using a carboy, pour in the wort using a funnel. Enlist some help: This is a two-person job. Depending on the type of hops you used, you may need a strainer. There should now be between five and five and a half gallons of liquid inside the fermenter.
Prepare to add yeast
Take another temperature reading to make sure the mixture in the fermenter is no warmer than 75 degrees. The ideal temperature is about 60 degrees.
Pitch the yeast
If you’re using dry yeast, pour it into a cup with a half-cup of 105-degree water. Stir it rapidly with a whisk to aerate it; then let it stand for 10 minutes. "Pitch," or add, the yeast and either shake the carboy, or stir vigorously with the spoon or whisk for several minutes.
The beer is now ready for fermentation. To prevent mess and contamination, run plastic tubing through the hole in the stopper, down to a half-full glass of water. Then seal your fermenter with the stopper. After two or three days, replace the stopper with the airlock. See Part 2 to finish your beer.