How to Make a Papier-Mache Mask

Make a papier-mache mask for Halloween, a masquerade party, Carnival time, or anytime!

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Transform boring sheets of paper into simple and fun craft projects.

 
 

You Will Need

  • An old tablecloth
  • A work smock
  • A clean, empty plastic gal. jug, labels removed
  • Strong scissors
  • A craft knife
  • An elastic band
  • Newspaper
  • White computer paper
  • Unbleached flour or glue
  • Acrylic paint
  • Decorations

Steps

  1. Step 1

    Protect table and clothes

    Cover your workspace with an old tablecloth or sheets of newspaper, and wear something to protect your clothes, like a smock.

  2. Step 2

    Cut the jug

    With strong scissors, cut the plastic jug in half lengthwise. Turn the jug upside-down: The handle will serve as the mask's nose. Cut holes for your eyes and mouth with a craft knife. Cut a small hole on each side of the mask, at ear level, for an elastic band.

  3. Step 3

    Make paper strips

    Tear newspaper and white computer paper into strips about one inch by six inches. Shredding the paper by hand works better than cutting it. You’ll need enough pieces to cover your mask with three layers of newspaper and one layer of computer paper, plus some extra paper for molding facial features.

  4. Step 4

    Mix up some paste

    Whisk two cups of flour and one cup of water into a paste, adding a bit more of either, if needed, to reach a gluey consistency.

  5. You can also use glue thinned out with water.

  6. Step 5

    Dip and press

    One by one, dip a newspaper strip into the paste, shake off the excess, and lay it flat against the mask horizontally, taking care not to cover the holes. Overlap each strip with a new one. When you've finished the first layer, let it dry completely before putting on the next one. This time, apply the strips vertically.

  7. If you’re putting away your project for the night, store the unused paste in the refrigerator. The next day, microwave it for one minute before using.

  8. Step 6

    Create a face

    Apply the strips for the third layer horizontally. After you’ve applied three layers, mold some of the newspaper strips into features, like cheekbones and eyebrows.

  9. Step 7

    Apply the final layer

    Make the last layer out of the torn computer paper, applying the strips vertically. The white paper will give you a blank canvas for creating your character.

  10. If you live in a damp climate, you can dry the mask on a lightly oiled cookie sheet in an oven set to warm. Check on the mask after about 30 minutes.

  11. Step 8

    Decorate

    When the mask is completely dry, decorate it with paint, feathers, glitter, sequins, beads, fabric, rhinestones, or whatever will make it your own!

  12. At 12 to 16 feet tall and several feet wide, the Igbo ijele mask is one of the largest ceremonial masks made in Africa.

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