How to Perform Basic Cycle Maintenance

Before hitting the trails, make sure your bicycle is up for the road ahead using these tips.


Up next in Bike Repair & Equipment (32 videos)

Every avid cyclist should know how to fix his bike; learn the basics in this video series.

You Will Need

  • An air pressure gauge
  • An Allen wrench
  • A socket wrench
  • Spray lubricant
  • A stainless steel pad


  1. Step 1

    Inspect frame for cracks

    Inspect the bike frame for cracks, especially around the welds. Any cracks should be immediately repaired.

  2. Step 2

    Check tires and air pressure

    Check the tires for bulges, cuts, or torn treads. Then, using an air pressure gauge, make sure the tire is properly inflated.

  3. Every tire will have the proper inflation amount written on the tire wall.

  4. Step 3

    Check for loose bolts and screws

    Check for loose bolts and screws using an Allen wrench or socket wrench. Don't over tighten, but apply firm pressure until snug.

  5. Step 4

    Inspect and lubricate chain

    Inspect the chain and gears for excess dirt or wear. Clean and lubricate using spray lubricant.

  6. Step 5

    Check and clean brakes

    Check your brakes by spinning each tire and depressing the hand brake. The tire should stop instantly. Clean the brake heads using a stainless steel pad.

  7. Step 6

    Inspect helmet

    Inspect your helmet for cracks and wear, and make sure the helmet pads provide comfort and proper fit.

  8. Air-filled tires were first used on bicycles and then later made the leap to automobiles.