z How To Find Molar Mass | Howcast

How To Find Molar Mass

The molar mass of a chemical compound is the mass, in grams, of 1 mole of the substance.

You will need

  • A periodic table
  • A chemical compound formula
  • Molar masses of elements

Step 1 Find molar mass of an element Find the molar mass of an element. In grams, molar mass is numerically equal to the element’s atomic weight in atomic mass units, which you can find on the periodic table of the elements.

Step 2 Calculate diatomic elements Remember that seven elements – hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine, are diatomic elements. As pure elements, they form molecules containing two atoms. To find the molar mass of a diatomic element, multiply its atomic weight by two.

Step 3 Consider chemical compounds without subscripts If you’re working with a chemical compound – a combination of elements – whose formula does not contain any subscripts, add the molar masses of each of the elements.

Step 4 Consider chemical compounds with subscripts If your compound does contain subscripts, multiply the number of atoms of any element or chemical group with a subscript by the subscript value.

Step 5 Consider chemical compounds with more complicated formulas If you’re working with a compound that has more complicated subscripts, take into account the total number of atoms present in the compound.

Step 6 Use the calculation Use molar mass in all kinds of chemistry calculations, including finding the molecular formula of a substance.

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