How to Improve Reading Comprehension

Your reading comprehension improves when you treat the text as more than just words. Here are some practices to help you do that.

You will need

  • A distraction-free environment

Step 1 Remove distractions Remove distractions such as the TV or radio before you start reading. Your brain only has so much capacity for attention, so dedicate it all to your studies.

Step 2 Build anticipation Build anticipation for what you are about to read by reviewing chapter titles and subheads, or by reading a chapter summary. Reading first and last paragraphs is another good way to start.

Step 3 Be an active reader Be an active reader. Make connections between the text and things that you already know, and consider ideas the author may have left out.

Step 4 Close the book Close the book and quiz yourself on what you’ve read. Summarize the main points and facts from the text, and then go back to see how much you got right.

Step 5 Reinforce the text Reinforce what you’ve learned by discussing it with others or teaching someone else the lesson. Reviewing lectures and videos on the material also reinforces learning.

Step 6 Test again Test yourself again. If you do it enough, you’ll learn the material by heart.