How to Make a Mud Hut

If you find yourself lost without a cave to hide in or volleyball to talk to, this guide will show you how to protect yourself from the elements for the long term.


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You Will Need

  • Straight tree limbs
  • Clay filled soil
  • Water
  • Dead grass
  • Rocks
  • Saplings or large leaves
  • Fertile soil (optional)


  1. Step 1

    Drive poles into ground

    Drive several straight tree limbs at least 1 foot into the ground every 8 to 10 inches along a single line. This is your first wall line.

  2. Step 2

    Make mortar

    Make mud mortar by mixing together two parts clay soil, two parts water, and one part dead grass in a large pit.

  3. Step 3

    Collect rocks

    Collect rocks to reinforce the walls and allow the mud to adhere vertically.

  4. Step 4

    Layer rocks and mortar

    Layer the rocks and mortar against the poles to keep the wall straight and keep it from caving in.

  5. Make the wall thicker at the bottom than the top to provide more stability.

  6. Step 5

    Build remaining walls and roof

    Build the remaining walls, and then lay more limbs across the tops of the walls and layer saplings or large leaves to construct the roof.

  7. Smear mud onto the thatched saplings and then sprinkle fertile soil over the roof to encourage grass and moss to grow for a weather tight seal.

  8. Step 6

    Seal cracks inside

    Slather the mud mixture over the inside to seal cracks or weak spots and to give the walls a smooth texture.

  9. In 2008, an ancient Egyptian town of mud brick structures, dating back to 2400 B.C.E., was uncovered in near perfect condition.