Few sights are more stunning than a field of sunflowers pointing their faces sunward, and few gardening experiences are more rewarding than bringing the beauty of the sunflower to your own backyard.
You will need
- Sunflower seeds
- Knowledge of weather conditions and patterns
- Sunny or partially sunny garden spot
- Basic garden tools
- Garden stakes
Step 1 Choose a variety Choose a sunflower seed variety based on whether you want to grow giant 10-foot plants, medium-sized 6- to 10-foot plants, or miniature border sunflowers.
Step 2 Monitor weather conditions Monitor weather conditions to learn when the danger of frost has passed so you may plant your sunflower seeds safely.
Step 3 Plant seeds Plant seeds 1-inch deep and 6 to 8 inches apart, spacing rows 3 feet apart for giant varieties, 2 feet apart for mid-sized varieties, and 1 foot apart for miniatures.
Mass sunflower plantings create a dramatic effect in the garden, while planting just a few among your vine crops adds a colorful accent.
Step 4 Handpick pests Handpick pests, such as caterpillars and weevils, during the growing season, and pluck yellowed leaves.
Sunflowers are a favorite plant for introducing children to gardening because they are easily grown and require little care.
Step 5 Maximize growth Maximize sunflower growth by keeping soil moist and fertilizing biweekly.
Step 6 Stake sunflowers Stake sunflowers as they grow for stalk support when needed, and in 70 to 90 days you’ll be rewarded with a gorgeous crop and nutritious sunflower seeds to share with birds, squirrels, and your friends.
Sunflowers are a leading oilseed crop primarily grown in the Midwestern United States where soybeans grow poorly.