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Slap on goggles and a lab coat because you're about to make some scientific discoveries!
You Will Need
- Energy for dissociation
- Energy for ionization
Vaporize the atoms of a cation-forming element to form a gas.
Dissociate anion-forming molecules into atoms.
Ionize the cation-forming atoms. With ionization, sodium becomes a positively-charged sodium ion.
Transfer the liberated electrons to the anion-forming atoms. The chlorine atom becomes a negatively charged chlorine ion in this way.
Combine the cations and anions in a regular manner to form a crystal. Electrostatic interaction holds the crystal lattice together.