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Learn How to Break Dance

Breakdancing is an impressive dance style that consists of many spinning and ground-centered movements. It consists of four main moves: top rock, footwork, freezes, and power moves. All of these are crucial for breakdancing well and are meshed to create a smooth, expressive, and energetic dance. Learn how to do break dance moves from Kid Glyde of The Dynamic Rockers in these free Howcast dance videos!

How to Top Rock

One of the first break dance moves beginners should learn is top rock. This refers to a dancer being in an upright, standing position. Top rock sets the foundation for breakdancing and gives a chance for a dancer to pick up the beat before dropping down and performing other moves. You should start by learning basic top rock moves, like the side step, back step, and Indian step. The side step and back step are fairly straightforward, so we’ll take a look at how to do the Indian Step below.

How to Do the Indian Step

Arguably the most important step of top rock is the Indian Step. This is a step that goes in front and across your other foot, crisscorssing your legs. As you do this, you should bend your knees and swing your arms in front of you. When you go to step back, you should hop on your back foot to give a little pop as you return to your normal position. Here’s how to do the Indian Step:

● Begin with your arms slightly folded. Starting with the right foot, step out diagonally so that your foot is in front and to the left of your left foot.

● As you do this, unfold your arms and extend them out to your side.

● Make a small hop on your left foot, and return to your original position.

● As you’re stepping back, fold your arms in front of you again.

● Now Indian Step (front and across) with your left foot, unfolding and extending your arms as you do this.

● Hop on your right foot and return to the original position while folding your arms.

● From here, the steps repeat and you can switch it up by stepping to the side or back for variation.

Learn Breakdancing Footwork

Once you know how to do top rock moves, you can transition into footwork, also known as bottom rock. This is where you’ll be on the ground, typically in a crouched position as you move your feet around.

How to Do the Six-Step

While there are multiple footwork steps you can do in break dance, none are more important than the six-step. This is because it gives you the twirling motion and momentum you need to transition into power moves like windmills. Without a strong six-step, you’ll be much more capable of performing power moves with ease. Here’s how to do the Six-Step:

● Starting in a crouched position, put both hands on your floor to the right as you move your right leg out to the left. (It should be parallel to the floor and under your left leg).

● Now step back with the left leg, straightening both of your knees as you do this.

● Step back with your right leg so that your legs make a wide V stance. (Your feet should be parallel to each other with a lot of distance in between them).

● Now bring your left leg forward so that it is in front of your right leg. As you do this, swivel your right leg so that you’re facing 90º to the right. You should also swing your right arm up into the air to give you space for this.

● From here, step slightly back with your right foot so that it is directly underneath you in a partial squatting position.

● Now bring your left leg underneath you next to your right foot to place you in a full squat. Your left arm may move a little to help you balance as you move. Your right arm will still be in the air.

● This completes the six-step and you should now be facing the opposite direction. You’ll now repeat these six steps to get you back to your original position.

Break Dance Freezes

Freezes are the third part of breakdancing. They’re fairly straightforward to learn, but they require a lot of strength and practice to perform them properly. This is because you’ll be suspending your body in the air, using your arms to keep you supported.

How to Do an Elbow Freeze

It’s best to start with one of the most basic breakdancing freezes, the elbow freeze. Many freezes require a lot of core strength and the elbow freeze will help build this. Once you understand how to do basic freeze moves, others will come naturally and won’t feel impossible to learn. Here’s how to do a basic Elbow Freeze:

● Starting from bottom rock position, you’ll need to place one forearm directly on the ground, palm down. Start with the left arm.

● Now that the left arm is on the ground, place your right palm on the ground parallel to your left elbow.

● From here, use your core to help slowly swing your legs and hips into the air.

● Keep your legs slightly bent and hold this position.

● Return to bottom rock position and repeat this with the right forearm on the ground.

● Place your left palm parallel to your right elbow.

● Hoist yourself up and keep your legs suspended.

● These are the basics of the Elbow Freeze. Try to practice having yourself in a freeze position for 30 seconds on each elbow to give you the confidence to perform them effortlessly.

Power Moves

There’s no question that power moves are the most exciting part about breakdancing. This is where strength, agility, and skill all come together to perform flashy moves that make the dance look awesome. As exciting as power moves are, focus on learning top rock and footwork first to make power moves come easier to you.

How to Do a Backspin

Many power moves are extremely difficult to learn and require great body control. It’s easiest to start with the backspin because this will help you learn the basis of more advanced power moves. As the name suggests, it involves you going from footwork to spinning on your back. Here’s how to do a back spin in break dancing:

● From the bottom rock position, put both palms on the floor in front of you.

● Now lower your head in front of you and rest it on the floor, facing to the right.

● Use your arms and core to raise your legs into the air.

● Begin twirling your legs to the left.

● Now drop your left shoulder and push with your right hand to make you spin to your left onto your back.

● As you’re dropping to the floor, fully whip your legs to the left to help you build momentum.

● Once you’re on your back, bring your legs together to give you an extra boost.

Learn Break Dance Moves Today!

This guide should help you get started with the art of breakdancing! For more break dance lessons and tips, explore all of the free videos in this tutorial series below.


Victor Alicea

Victor Alicea aka KID GLYDE first learned the art of breaking from his father, B-Boy legend Glyde of the Dynamic Rockers as well as the equally legendary B-Boy Kid Freeze. He is also influenced by K’Mel, B-Boy Ivan, Storm, and his crew, The Dynamic Rockers. He has taken titles at major battles including Universal Zulu Nation B-Boy/B-Girl Throwdown, the Rock Steady Crew Anniversary Against the Grain Concrete B-Boy/B-Girl Battles, and he won the Euro Battle 2009 with his crew. KID GLYDE has received endorsements with brands such as Panic and Sneak Tip and has appeared in “Step Up 2, “Ste up Up 3”, “Bumper”, “Pressure”, and the B-Boy documentary, “All Out War.” Additionally, KID GLYDE frequently organizes B-Boy/B-Girl battles in NYC.

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