How to Learn the Basic Spelling Rules Of English

English can be difficult because few words are spelled phonetically, and every rule has exceptions. But you can become a champ in no time by memorizing a few basic rules.

You will need

  • Memorization skills

Step 1 Remember "I" before "E" Remember that the letter “I” comes before “E” except after “C” or when sounding like “A” as in neighbor or weigh.

Step 2 Learn when to double Double the final consonant before adding an ending if the root word is: One syllable long and ends in a consonant preceded by a vowel; Or stressed on the last syllable

Step 3 Know when not to double Don’t double the final consonant if
the root word is: One syllable long and ends in either two vowels followed by a consonant, or two consonants. Stress is on the first syllable.

Step 4 Know when to drop the "e" Drop the “e” at the end of a word if you’re adding an ending that begins with a vowel. If the ending starts with a consonant, keep the “e.”

Step 5 Know "y" If you’re adding an ending to a word that ends in “y”, only change the “y” to “i” if a consonant comes before the “y.”

Step 6 Obey pluralization rules To make words plural, add “-es” to words ending in “ss” “sh” “ch” and “x.” Otherwise, just add an “s.” If the word ends in a consonant and then a “y”, change the “y” to “I” before adding an “es.”

Step 7 Know when to pick "-ick" Spell a word that ends with the sound “-ick” with an i-c-k if it’s one syllable, and with i-c if it’s two syllables. The exception is compound words – a word made by joining two words. They always end in i-c-k.