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How to Plant Grass Seed

Turn a patch of dirt into a gorgeous green lawn by planting the seeds correctly.


  • Step 1: Pick the right grass Pick the right variety of grass for your area. Your local garden center can tell you which grass will thrive in your climate.
  • TIP: Don’t buy grass seed that is ten months or more past its test date. Age may affect its germination rate.
  • Step 2: Start with good seed Start with good seed. Check out brands that the National Turf Evaluation Program has tested by logging onto "":
  • Step 3: Plant at the right time Plant at the right time, which is autumn for most areas, but spring for some. Check with your local garden center for more specific guidelines.
  • Step 4: Prep the soil Prepare the soil by tilling it with a spade or garden hoe until the dirt clumps are no bigger than a golf ball. Consider a power garden tiller if you have a lot of land. Remove debris like twigs and rocks. Level out areas where excess water could collect. Then, spread some starter fertilizer.
  • TIP: Don’t spread weed killer; it will kill your seedlings, too!
  • Step 5: Depending on the type of grass you’re planting, sp Depending on the type of grass you’re planting, sprinkle six to 20 seeds per square inch, by hand or with a lawn spreader. For large areas, use a mechanical seeder.
  • TIP: Plant on a windless day so seeds don't go flying everywhere.
  • Step 6: Rake over the seeds Lightly rake over the seeds and fertilizer so they get covered with about one-eighth of an inch of soil.
  • Step 7: Roll over the soil To press the seeds into the dirt, go over the soil with an empty lawn roller (don't fill with water or sand). You can rent one at many hardware stores.
  • Step 8: Keep it wet For the next four weeks, water your lawn for 10 minutes two or three times a day.
  • FACT: Bamboo, the world’s tallest grass, can grow four feet in one day.

You Will Need

  • The right grass for your climate
  • Quality seed
  • A spade or garden hoe
  • Starter fertilizer
  • A hand
  • lawn
  • or mechanical seeder
  • A windless day
  • A rake
  • A lawn roller
  • A power tiller

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