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How to Breed Your Dog

Birds do it for a lark, and bees do it with ease, but breeding your dog will take some work.


  • Step 1: Know your breed Learn all you can about your dog’s breed, including temperament, silhouette, hair texture, and color. Learn which characteristics dominate and determine which ones you want to avoid.
  • Step 2: Expect little profit Expect little if any profit from breeding your dog. Typically, the owner of the male dog, or sire, incurs no cost and receives the pick of the litter as payment. The owner of the female dog, or dam, pockets income from sales of the remaining puppies, or whelps, but incurs all vet and boarding costs (including de-worming and shots).
  • Step 3: Locate a mate Find a suitable breeding mate for your dog. Exchange pedigrees with the other dog's breeder.
  • TIP: Peak breeding ages are two years for males and three to four years for females. Avoid breeding immature pups.
  • Step 4: Prepare the female Wait for the female to go into heat. Symptoms include discharge from the vagina and swelling of the vulva. The most fertile time for the female is nine to 12 days following the onset of heat.
  • Step 5: Shave under tail Shave under the tail of the female to improve your chance for success, especially when breeding a long-haired dog.
  • Step 6: Introduce the animals Allow the two dogs to get comfortable with each other. Sequester them in the breeding enclosure for a day or two.
  • TIP: Conduct the breeding in the sire's territory. This will help him to perform at his best.
  • Step 7: Impregnate the female Let nature take its course, or use an artificial insemination kit. With direct contact, the handler must hold the male and position the dog’s penis to ensure maximum penetration and prevent injury.
  • Step 8: Do it again After 48 hours, allow the dogs to repeat the mating process to increase the likelihood of success.
  • Step 9: Avoid false pregnancy Don't be fooled by false pregnancy. Get a canine pregnancy test after four to five weeks.
  • Step 10: Learn about whelping Prepare to deliver the whelps -- research the breed beforehand so you know what to expect.
  • FACT: The American Kennel Club sponsors a program to encourage the development of new and rare canine breeds.

You Will Need

  • A healthy female dog
  • A healthy male dog
  • A breeding enclosure
  • A handler
  • Artificial insemination kit (optional)

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