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How to Perform Basic Cycle Maintenance

Before hitting the trails, make sure your bicycle is up for the road ahead using these tips.


  • Step 1: Inspect frame for cracks Inspect the bike frame for cracks, especially around the welds. Any cracks should be immediately repaired.
  • Step 2: Check tires and air pressure Check the tires for bulges, cuts, or torn treads. Then, using an air pressure gauge, make sure the tire is properly inflated.
  • TIP: Every tire will have the proper inflation amount written on the tire wall.
  • Step 3: Check for loose bolts and screws Check for loose bolts and screws using an Allen wrench or socket wrench. Don't over tighten, but apply firm pressure until snug.
  • Step 4: Inspect and lubricate chain Inspect the chain and gears for excess dirt or wear. Clean and lubricate using spray lubricant.
  • Step 5: Check and clean brakes Check your brakes by spinning each tire and depressing the hand brake. The tire should stop instantly. Clean the brake heads using a stainless steel pad.
  • Step 6: Inspect helmet Inspect your helmet for cracks and wear, and make sure the helmet pads provide comfort and proper fit.
  • FACT: Air-filled tires were first used on bicycles and then later made the leap to automobiles.

You Will Need

  • An air pressure gauge
  • An Allen wrench
  • A socket wrench
  • Spray lubricant
  • A stainless steel pad

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