# How to Add & Subtract Fractions

Once you know the trick to adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators, you'll have no problem with these problems.

### Instructions

- Step 1:
**Add fractions with same denominator**Add or subtract the numerators and keep the same denominator if the fractions have the same denominator. - TIP: The numerator is the number on the top, and the denominator the number on the bottom of the fraction.
- Step 2:
**Find a common denominator**Find the lowest common denominator to both fractions if they have different denominators. For example, if you add 1/3 plus 3/8, the least common denominator is 24, since three times eight equals 24. - TIP: The lowest common denominator is the smallest common multiple of both denominators.
- Step 3:
**Rewrite the fractions**Rewrite the fractions, using the lowest common denominator. Multiply the numerator by the same number by which you multiplied the denominator. - Step 4:
**Add or subtract the numerators**Add or subtract the numerators and write the sum over the common denominator. The sum of 9/24 and 8/24 is 17/24. The difference is 1/24. - Step 5:
**Reduce the fraction**If necessary, reduce the fraction by dividing the numerator and denominator by the highest number you can. - FACT: A fraction in which the numerator is larger than the denominator is called an improper fraction.

### You Will Need

- Two fractions
- A pencil and paper