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How to Make a Mosaic

Adorn your home or garden with a colorful, hand-made mosaic by following these simple steps.


  • Step 1: Choose a base Cut a piece of fiberboard to the desired size and shape of your mosaic base.
  • Step 2: Design a pattern Draw a detailed design on the piece of board.
  • TIP: Photocopy a design you like onto tracing paper and trace the pattern onto your base.
  • Step 3: Choose colorful pieces Select small bits of colored glass and ceramic to comprise your mosaic design.
  • TIP: Collect broken china and pottery instead of buying supplies. Place large pieces in a paper bag and break them with a hammer. Wear goggles and gloves for safety.
  • Step 4: Lay out the pieces Lay out your pieces on top of the board in the desired pattern.
  • Step 5: Apply adhesive Apply small dabs of adhesive glue to the backs of the pieces. Leave small gaps around the edge and between the pieces for grout. Let the adhesive dry for 24 hours.
  • TIP: Glue the tiles for the main subject or center design first, as these tiles are the most important.
  • Step 6: Make a frame Frame the edges of your mosaic temporarily with strips of wood or flexible metal to aid in the grouting process.
  • Step 7: Mix grouting powder Use the spatula to mix the grouting powder with water, creating a consistency like soft butter. Wear rubber gloves to protect your hands.
  • Step 8: Apply grout Push the grout into crevices with the rubber spatula.
  • Step 9: Wipe clean Let the grout set for a few minutes and then wipe off the excess with a clean, damp cloth. Let your mosaic dry for 24 hours.
  • FACT: Did you know? In Libya, archaeologists uncovered mosaics made of green, brown, and gold glass and stone decorating the floor of an elaborate bathhouse.

You Will Need

  • Fiberboard
  • Pencil
  • Ceramic and glass
  • Adhesive glue
  • Strips of wood or metal
  • Rubber spatula
  • Grouting powder
  • Water
  • Rubber gloves
  • A clean
  • damp cloth
  • Copy machine (optional)
  • Tracing paper (optional)
  • Hammer (optional)
  • Goggles (optional)

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