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How to Fish for Trout

Trout fishing is a popular sport on the shores of rivers and streams. Improve your catch by keeping the following guidelines in mind.


  • Step 1: Fish in water rich in oxygen Fish in water rich in oxygen. Trout prefer to feed in oxygen-rich locations – in current and riffle areas, cold water springs, and deeper water.
  • TIP: In warmer water, trout will seek fast currents or riffles because the oxygen levels are higher there. In cooler streams where oxygen levels are higher, they feed in slow-moving pools or current edges.
  • Step 2: Fish in the morning and evening Fish in the early morning and late evening. The lower temperatures during these hours correspond to increased oxygen levels and greater feeding activity.
  • Step 3: Tread lightly Tread lightly as you approach a stream, and don't walk in the water. Trout are very sensitive to the pressure waves generated by footsteps – both in and out of the water.
  • Step 4: Use appropriate tackle Match your tackle to the stream conditions and size of trout you are seeking. Trout have good eyesight, and they will avoid a conspicuous fishing line.
  • Step 5: Cast upstream Cast upstream and allow your bait to move downstream with the current. Trout face into the current, sometimes behind rocks, as they wait for food to drift by.
  • TIP: Trout move around a great deal in lakes. Planted trout may travel in schools rather than dispersing.
  • Step 6: Use a long rod with live bait Use a long rod and live bait. This reduces line drag and allows your bait to move more rapidly along the bottom of the stream.
  • FACT: The world's largest trout is found in the remote rivers of Mongolia and can exceed 5 feet.

You Will Need

  • Oxygen-rich water
  • Low outdoor temperatures
  • A light tread
  • Fishing tackle
  • A long rod
  • Live bait

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