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How to Write a Thesis

Whether in grade school or grad school, this guide will help you write a pitch-perfect thesis statement for any essay.


  • Step 1: Determine the type of essay Determine the type of essay you will be writing to shape your thesis statement to fit the topic. Essay types can include making an argument or analyzing an event.
  • Step 2: Choose a controversial subject Choose a controversial subject or something that is of personal interest and avoid simply stating a fact, opinion, or question in your thesis.
  • Step 3: Be specific Be as specific as possible and use concrete nouns, verbs, and adjectives to focus your discussion.
  • TIP: Use a thesaurus to find new and interesting words. Don't be afraid to break out of your comfort zone.
  • Step 4: Try several versions Write several versions of your thesis statement to refine your argument as you work to erase ambiguity.
  • TIP: Include a qualifier that demonstrates to the audience you are aware of the status quo or the current situation.
  • Step 5: Revise thesis Revise your thesis as you write your essay, develop new ideas, and solidify the direction of your argument.
  • FACT: About 21 million people speak little to no English in the United States, an increase of 50 percent between 1997 and 2007.

You Will Need

  • Controversial subject
  • Concrete nouns
  • verbs
  • and adjectives
  • Revisions
  • Thesaurus (optional)
  • Qualifier (optional)

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