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How to Make a Mud Hut

If you find yourself lost without a cave to hide in or volleyball to talk to, this guide will show you how to protect yourself from the elements for the long term.


  • Step 1: Drive poles into ground Drive several straight tree limbs at least 1 foot into the ground every 8 to 10 inches along a single line. This is your first wall line.
  • Step 2: Make mortar Make mud mortar by mixing together two parts clay soil, two parts water, and one part dead grass in a large pit.
  • Step 3: Collect rocks Collect rocks to reinforce the walls and allow the mud to adhere vertically.
  • Step 4: Layer rocks and mortar Layer the rocks and mortar against the poles to keep the wall straight and keep it from caving in.
  • TIP: Make the wall thicker at the bottom than the top to provide more stability.
  • Step 5: Build remaining walls and roof Build the remaining walls, and then lay more limbs across the tops of the walls and layer saplings or large leaves to construct the roof.
  • TIP: Smear mud onto the thatched saplings and then sprinkle fertile soil over the roof to encourage grass and moss to grow for a weather tight seal.
  • Step 6: Seal cracks inside Slather the mud mixture over the inside to seal cracks or weak spots and to give the walls a smooth texture.
  • FACT: In 2008, an ancient Egyptian town of mud brick structures, dating back to 2400 B.C.E., was uncovered in near perfect condition.

You Will Need

  • Straight tree limbs
  • Clay filled soil
  • Water
  • Dead grass
  • Rocks
  • Saplings or large leaves
  • Fertile soil (optional)

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