How to Make a VFR Flight Plan

Conquer the skies with confidence aided by a Visual Flight Rules (VFR) compliant plan.

You will need

  • Aeronautical navigation map
  • Writing tool
  • Aircraft performance specifications
  • Weather and wind data
  • Cargo weight
  • VFR flight plan form
  • Internet access (optional)
  • Flight planning software (optional)
  • GPS (optional)

Step 1 Obtain charts Obtain an up-to-date aeronautical chart from a reliable agent to determine airport locations, landmarks, elevations, roads, restricted air space and other obstacles along your projected route.

Step 2 Draw route Draw your route on the chart, dividing a long trip into short legs, and measure the distance between all points.

Step 3 Calculate flight time Calculate flight time by dividing the nautical miles of your journey by air speed in nautical miles per minute.

Step 4 Record compass heading Record the compass heading for the flight you have charted, account for drift, then, determine the altitudes at which you expect to fly.

Step 5 Estimate fuel need Estimate your trip fuel requirement using aircraft performance, payload, fuel weight, weather, wind, speed, and flight distance data to calculate fuel flow. Multiply the estimated fuel flow by flight time.

Step 6 File plan File your completed plan form before take-off at the airport of departure, documenting pilot and passenger information and flight details. Now, welcomed by the skies, soar above the world to your destination.