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How to Write the Conclusion of an Essay

If you've toiled through an essay but lack the steam to write a convincing conclusion, these tips will help crank out that last paragraph in a snap.


  • Step 1: Transition from last body paragraph Write a transition sentence from the last body paragraph that brings the reader back to your original argument.
  • Step 2: Restate thesis Restate your thesis in a slightly different way by showing how the main points of your essay either prove or disprove your thesis statement.
  • TIP: Be careful not to introduce any new arguments in your conclusion.
  • Step 3: Synthesize main points Synthesize or transform your main points by showing how they relate to each other in a larger context. Go for the big picture!
  • Step 4: Avoid summarizing Avoid simply summarizing your essay or assuming the reader has made all the connections. Be blatant and clear in your explanations.
  • Step 5: Be confident Be confident in your ideas and don't undercut yourself or think you need to apologize for any mistakes in your theory.
  • TIP: Remember, the reader only knows as much as you tell them in the essay: you are in control of the argument.
  • Step 6: Finish with a quote Finish with a quote or restatement from your introduction or the body of your essay. Feel confident that you now know how to write a convincing conclusion!
  • FACT: The average cost of a college education climbed to a new record high of $26,273 for the 2009-2010 school year.

You Will Need

  • Thesis statement
  • List of main points
  • Confidence

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