- Step 1: Determine the severity of the burn Determine how severe the burn is. Burns smaller than a person's palm can be treated at home. Larger burns or burns to the face, genitals, or major joints should be treated at a hospital.
- Step 2: Smother flames Smother flames on a large burn with water or a blanket. Stop, drop, and roll if your clothes are on fire and call 911 immediately.
- TIP: Do not attempt to pull burnt clothing off skin. This can cause more damage.
- Step 3: Submerge the wound Submerge smaller burns in cool -- not cold -- water for at least five minutes. Cover the wound with a clean, dry cloth or a sterile bandage.
- Step 4: Soothe the burn Apply skin lotion to soothe the burn only if the wound is not weeping fluid or freshly scabbed. Don't apply ice or butter to the wound.
- TIP: Wait to apply salve or medicine to the area until after visiting the doctor.
- Step 5: Take cool showers Take frequent cool showers or baths to soothe the area.
- Step 6: Relieve the pain Relieve the pain from a burn by taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- FACT: According to a 2006 report by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 47 percent of fireworks injuries were to children and adults under 20 years old.
You Will Need
- Cool water
- Dry towel
- Skin lotion
- Pain relievers