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How to Prevent Heatstroke

Heatstroke is a life-threatening illness anyone may experience if exposed to excessive heat. By taking a few commonsense precautions, heat-related illnesses and their potentially serious effects can be avoided.


  • : Call a physician if heatstroke is suspected.
  • Step 1: Recognize what leads to heatstroke Recognize that heatstroke may occur when one's body is exposed to high temperatures or a person undertakes strenuous activity in a hot environment.
  • Step 2: Treat heat cramps and exhaustion Treat heat cramps and heat exhaustion, which left untreated may lead to heat strokes.
  • TIP: Ask your doctor whether your prescribed medications increase heatstroke risk.
  • Step 3: Wear loose clothing Wear loose, lightweight clothing to help your body stay cool when exposed to hot conditions.
  • Step 4: Find a cool spot Find a cool spot, like an air-conditioned building, where you are able to remain comfortable until outdoor temperatures return to normal.
  • TIP: Air-conditioned movie theaters, malls, and libraries are good places to stay cool.
  • Step 5: Drink fluids Drink water or electrolyte sport drinks to stay hydrated, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, which may increase dehydration.
  • Step 6: Avoid hot cars Avoid sitting in hot cars -- temperatures inside closed vehicles rise quickly, increasing the risk of heat stroke.
  • Step 7: Avoid strenuous exercise Avoid strenuous exercise during heat spells, or schedule activities for the cooler morning and evening hours. It will go a long way in preventing heatstroke and your body will thank you.
  • FACT: Children are at higher risk for heatstroke because their body temperature rises 3 to 5 times faster than an adult's body temperature.

You Will Need

  • Cool spot
  • Loose clothing
  • Fluids

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