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How to Treat Heatstroke

Heatstroke occurs when the body is unable to cool itself. Knowing first-aid techniques to treat this dangerous condition could save a life.


  • : Consult a physician for care and treatment advice if you suspect heatstroke.
  • Step 1: Know heat stroke symptoms Know heatstroke symptoms. Look for a headache, dizziness, confusion, exhaustion, seizure, high body temperature, rapid heart beat, dry skin, and hallucinations.
  • Step 2: Move victim into a cool area Move a heatstroke victim into a cool, shady area or an air-conditioned building.
  • Step 3: Remove clothing Remove the victim's clothing. Apply cool water to their skin or wrap them in damp sheets. Place them in a cool bath if they are conscious and able to cooperate.
  • TIP: Accelerate body cooling using a fan to blow cool air across the patient's skin.
  • Step 4: Provide cool drinking water Provide cool drinking water to increase hydration if the victim is able to accept it.
  • TIP: Offer sports drinks to replenish both fluids and salt.
  • Step 5: Continue treatment Continue treatment until you verify with a thermometer that the person's temperature is 101.3 to 102.2 Fahrenheit.
  • Step 6: Keep the person in a cool area Keep the person in a cool area and ask them to lie down with their feet elevated. Bed rest combined with re-hydration will get them on the road to recuperation and recovery.
  • FACT: Heat waves result in more deaths in the U.S. than hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, lightning, and earthquakes combined.

You Will Need

  • Cool area
  • Cool water
  • cool bath
  • or damp sheets
  • Drinking water
  • Thermometer
  • Fan (optional)
  • Sports drinks (optional)

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