You know how to knit, and you know how to purl. Now it's time to put those two basic stitches together to create a third—the stockinette stitch.
Step 1: Cast stitches Cast on the appropriate number of stitches.
Step 2: Position work Hold the needle with all your cast-on stitches in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand. Position your work so that the cast-on stitches are at the right side the needle and the yarn trails away to your right.
Step 3: Knit 1st row Knit the entire first row.
Step 4: Swap needles Swap the needles so that the needle with the stitches is back in your left hand and the empty needle is in your right hand.
Step 5: Purl 2nd row Move the yarn to the front of your needles and purl the entire second row.
Step 6: Swap needles Swap the needles so the needle with the stitches is back in your left hand and the empty needle is in your right hand.
Step 7: Knit 3rd row Move the yarn to the back of your needles and knit the entire third row.
TIP: The stockinette stitch tends to roll up at the edges, so it's best used for projects that use a different stitch for the edge, or involve sewing finished pieces together.
Step 8: Alternate & cast off Continue alternating between knitting and purling one row at a time until you're finished--then cast off.
FACT: In 1917, the Red Cross asked Americans to knit sweaters, socks, scarves, and blankets for soldiers in World War I--and bought one million pounds of wool to help the effort.