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What Are the Rules of Softball?

Learn about the rules of softball from softball coach Erin Goettlicher in this Howcast video.


"I'm Erin Goettlicher, and I'm a professional softball coach. After I played through high school, I went out and played for college level, and then spent a cup of tea at the professional level. I'm self-employed, and own Pro Softball Training. Pro Softball Training offers instruction in all kinds of softball. You name it, we can do it. Today, I will be talking to you about softball.
Each league and organization that you play for will have its own set of rules and a rule book that needs to be followed, however, a lot of the rules are very similar across the board. There are two teams competing to see which team can score the most runs,each team consist of about 9-12 players. A typical softball game is around seven innings, each team has an opportunity within that inning to bat or have the opportunity to score a run. Each team is allowed three outs per inning and a bat is consisted of three strikes and four balls. If a pitcher throws four balls, that equals a walk and the batter is awarded first base. If the batter fails to make contact with the ball and put it in play within three strikes they are out. On defense teams are allowed to have nine players on the field at one time, all of those players have to start within their territory, except for the catcher who has to start in the catcher's box right behind home plate and the pitcher has to stay within the pitcher's circle or the pitcher's mount area. In order to score a run the team wants to advance their base runner all the way around for first,second,third and across home plate, this is typically done by a hit or a walk, sometimes a wild pitch thrown by the pitcher which means the catcher is unable to catch it. The offense can also advance bases by stealing, again, the basic rules of softball is that a game consists of seven innings, each team is allowed three outs per inning their goal is to try to score runs within that inning. The team at the end of the seventh inning with the most runs is your winner."

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