Hi, my name is Anne Glass. I'm a reading and learning specialist at a private school in New York City, and I work with kindergartners through third graders on reading word study and writing skills. In addition to being a reading specialist and a learning specialist, I am also a parent and today I am going to talk to you about topics in reading. When I teach a reading lesson to young emergent readers, my over arching goal is to make sure they are successful and that means that I have a very specific goal in mind and I keep my goals very manageable. I also don't keep the object of my lesson a secret whether it's a phonic skill or a comprehension skill, or just what were going to make sure that we know from the start what the expectations are. I think across the board in reading instruction it's really important to be explicit with our students about what the context of the lesson is and what the criteria for success are. It's also crucial to provide as often as possible multi sensory methods for teaching early reading skills to the extent that is possible you should always provide opportunities for visual kenistetic and auditory reinforcements when your teaching a new concept, and the final thing is that I always want my students to feel successful at the end. Which means that if I'm asking them to read a text, I'm going to start with a pre review of every concept that they might encounter in that text. Whether they are sight words or phonic concepts were going to be prepared to encounter those concepts within the text and decode successfully with that information.