Hi my name is Anne Glass. I'm a reading and learning specialist at a private school in New York City and I work with Kindergartners through 3rd graders on Reading, Word Study and Writing Skills. In addition to being a reading specialist and a learning specialist I'm also a parent and today I'm going to talk to you about topics in reading. Phonemic awareness is a crucial factor in determining how quickly and easily children will acquire early reading skills. Phonemic Awareness can be taught with just really fun games that are easy to do on the go. Even you have no manipulatives or supplies or actual game materials with you. If you're out and about and you don't have any games or proper manipulatives you can still do plenty of games that still support phonemic awareness development, such as simple rhyming games. These can be based on nursery rhymes or songs. For example the song, this old man he played one he played knickknack on my and leave it blank, let your child fill that in. You can also just brainstorm rhymes for words, such as mat and he'll generate sat and fat and bat. Then you can move on to doing alliteration games in which you can suggest and initial sound like ga and your child can help generate words that start with that same sound, such as go and girl and gorilla and you can do this with any sound that you can think of. Other phonemic games you can play are syllable counting, in which you can suggest multi syllabic words and you can together clap out the syllables in those words like, emergency. E merg gen cy has 4 syllables and that is an important phonemic skill. At a much more sophicated level you can ask your child to add delete, substitute or manipulate individual phonemic words. For example, if you ask your child to say seat, then say it again without the sea. That means saying eat. Another great game to play is what I call odd one out, in which you would give your child a series of words as bat, boy, tub and bird and ask which one doesn't belong. Well the answer is tub because it's the only one that doesn't begin with a bu sound. If you practice phonemic awareness your child will be much better able to absorb and retain the Phonics instruction that he receives formally in school.