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How to Do Hiji Waza in Aikido

Learn how to do hiji waza from the instructors at The New York Aikikai in this Howcast aikido video.

Transcript

We're going to cover a couple of techniques that fall into the category of Hiji Waza. "Hiji" is elbow and "Waza" is technique. So these are several techniques that specifically lock, or were initially intended to break an elbow. We want to be careful with that because we don't want to injure anybody in our training. But it's always good to know where these techniques came from.

So if we start with the basic Gyaku Hanmi grab, again, I'm going to move to the side. Lift, as if I was going to start Nikkyo. Roll the arm all the way over and under. So I should have his elbow tightly clamped underneath my arm. His arm should be higher and directly above his shoulder. As soon as I drop this, my partner can stand up. This is not the effect I want to have. So in terms of leverage, I want to use that elbow to lift. Make sure that my weight is above my partner's shoulder, and I'm going to step back and create an opening that I'm going to take that elbow with me. Partner needs to follow and move with. Once I get down, again, the knee closest to my partner is down, I want to have a good solid connection with my partner's elbow and I'm just going to turn my body to face my partner. That one is Hiji Kime.

Another form of Hiji Waza we can use, again, to attack the elbow specifically, I need to remove my partner's hand, Kaiten, and open the space up. I want to use the elbow and I don't want to do it if we're all cramped up on top. Move in, open the space. I'm going to reach directly underneath the elbow, so it's barred against my arm. Take my own forearm, and as you curl both fingers in, that puts a fair amount of pressure in the opposite direction of the elbow. By the time you feel it beginning to hurt, it's generally at the point where it's ready to break. So, please be careful. Attention away, underneath the arm and take your own wrist. Both hands, squeeze. Alright.

One more technique that we can use considered Hiji Waza, or Hiji Nage, is a throw. Step to the side and I want to reach right underneath my partner's elbow. You use that leverage to let him go. We'll stand off the line of attack so if he's got somewhere to go, drop and take the elbow and turn.

Hiji Waza, elbow techniques.

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