The next technique I'm going to discuss is called pou paai jeung. Pou paai jeung comes from the wooden dummy techniques, so it's actually regarded as part of the advanced training in wing Chun.
Pou paai in Cantonese, po actually means to hold, like to hold something in the hands, and paai can mean a sign, or a block, or a tablet. So, it actually is kind of a slang term, because for example, like in a Chinese funeral procession, maybe you would hold a tablet or a photo of somebody like this. And they're basically saying that holding something like this, this is called pou paai, basically hold the sign. And pou paai jeung means you're doing palm strikes as if you were holding a sign, or a tablet.
So, that's the reason why it has this name. It's actually not called butterfly palms, which a lot of Wing Chun people sometimes call it. That would be called wu dip jeung. And wu dip jeung is actually something you find in some of the other Chinese martial art styles. In Wing Chun, especially the yip man wing chun system, we particularly call this one, pou paai jeung.
Now, pou paai is a little bit different from the punching methods, and the elbow attacking methods we have in Wing Chun. Most of the things we do for self defense obviously are for causing some damage, and for punching hard and hitting hard. However, the pou paai, although it's very advanced, is sometimes used just to ward somebody off, or it can be used to lock somebody. Or, it can be used to hit somebody away.
So, in the yip man wing chun system, we basically have a couple of different ways of doing the pou paai. The first one is what we call the frontal pou paai, or it's sometimes called the inside pou paai. If I'm in a situation where I'm in kwan sau here, I can roll in and use this to hit my opponent away.
Now, this isn't the most powerful strike in the world, but it can ward somebody away, if that's all you want to do. All right? That's the insider frontal pou paai. Now, we have an outside pou paai, which can be done here, all right? It can be done on his arm, it can be done on his shoulder, it depends on your relative position. And this can be used to launch somebody away as well, or to hit somebody away.
Yet another one can actually be done more as a locking or striking attack, and this is the final pou paai, or sometimes called the cross pou paai, where you basically lock somebody and hit him. And you can hit him and move him away like this. That's why we have the pou paai to the front, we have a pou paai to the outside, and then we have the cross pou paai in the final part.