So, now we're going to show one of the basic Wing Chun drills for beginners, which is using Taanda and Gangda. Taanda, means Tan Sau and punch and Gangda means Gan Sao and punch. So, the idea is, we're coordinating both of them together. Now, this is real basic drill. Fighting doesn't play out this way at all. The idea is not to stand there and defend punches one by one, by your attacker on the street, this is just a drill to get the students more familiar with using the positions and also, to get them to be able to coordinate both sides, at the same time.
So, with the Tan Sau punch, it's very important that, when your partner makes contact with the arm, that you're actually using their force to turn to the side. So, this isn't a matter of somebody just punching and then, you just do a Tan Sau and block it, this is actually your partner's force turning you. So, it's like a turnstyle or a revolving door, as the person pushes the door, the door turns to the side. So, this is completely passive.
And of course, at the same time, he's going to hit his opponent here and then he's going to do it again, on the other side, to train both sides. And then a low punch is just defended with Gan Sao, which is just a downward chopping hand like, this. Now, the Tan Sau, is based on your opponent's force, turning you but Gan Sao however, is when somebody attacks you here, this is an active chop, to dissolve this low punch.
So, the Gan Sao is not based on your partner's pressure, this is just an active and very aggressive way of chopping somebody's arm down. Of course, the students can start off with something real basic, two Tan Saus, two Gan Saos, it can continue in a series like, this and then it can also be done differently. Like, the trainer can mix in low attacks instead, from Chi Sao, can also use diagonal punches instead, this way here, and it doesn't matter, because the partner is just reacting to the force.