So now I'm going to discuss one of the fundamental techniques of the chum kiu form which is the second form of Wing Chun and that's called a paai jaang. Paai jaang means hacking elbow. And this is a very common elbow attack we use in Wing Chun especially when our opponent is too close for us to do chain punches or to use other punching techniques we resort to the elbow, so elbows are only done at close range.
Now in the form, the hacking elbows that we do actually use the lan sau structure from the Siu Lim Tao form as the base. So you're going to keep the upper body in the same exact position here and then you're going to do a 180 degree turn. And this is how we practice it in the form. So you're going to do a turn both ways. Now in the form we do it three times each side but you can do it by itself as continuous practice, turning from one side to the other.
Now it's very important that the upper body structure doesn't change, it's just the stance that changes and turns you from side to side, but the upper body stay the same, because you want the elbows to move in unison. Now when he's doing two at the same time, in fighting you're only going to apply one elbow at a time. The bottom elbow when he's turning in this direction is called the [tim] paai jaang, or the frontal hacking elbow. The other hands here which is coming in this direction is known as the [hao] paai jaang, which is the back hacking elbow here.
So when you train the chum kiu form you're actually training two different elbow strengths at the same time. You're training one frontal elbow strike and one back elbow strike and when you turn to the other side it's the other way, one frontal and then that one was back, so you're actually compressing it and training two at the same time.
Now if you notice, he's got all of his weight on his back leg because if he were to apply this in fighting he would be doing it here. What we don't do if he faces me frontally, all right, frontally, is keep your axis in the same place. Some people they teach the paai jaang like this, okay.
So if he turns this way, all right, the problem is that if the elbow misses, if I move to the side, he loses the center line and he puts me in a position where he's out of position to counter and I'm also in his stance.
So we prefer to do it when our leg is forward and the elbow's actually coming into our opponent. For example, something like this. I do the elbow strike this way here instead of in front of him which can leave me open if he wants to counter. So the elbow should all be done very direct and it starts with training it in the chum kiu form.