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How to Do a Biu Tze Saam Jaang aka Three Elbows of Biu Tze

Learn how to do Biu Tze Saam Jaang from Sifu Alex Richter in this Howcast Wing Chun video.


So in the Biu Tze set, in the Wing Chun system, we actually have three different elbows. In truth we actually have four, because we also have a downward elbow that the very end of the form. But when we're talking about the three elbows, we're talking about the elbows that come in the beginning of the form. And the first one the students learn is called Kup-jarn, and Kup-jarn is an overhead elbow. Kup means to cover, or it's like to put a lid on top of something. But normally it's translated as vertical elbow or the over the top elbow. And this is the first one.

Normally this elbow's used defensively, because if I tried to attack somebody, like for example, if you're doing in a chi so setting, if he tries to attack me with Kup-jarn, and he pulls his arm back, I can just go forward and punch him. We wouldn't want to retract like this. So Kup-jarn is normally used to defend. For example, if he presses my arm down with an elbow, like this, and I have no other way to escape, I can use the Kup-jarn to get out. And there's a very simple way of using it right here. The hand in this position, keeps my center line protected against his potential elbow. So this is Kup-jarn, alright? One of the first elbows in the Biu Tze form.

The second one is Kwai-jarn, which we actually discussed in another video. But to reiterate, the Kwai-jarn is a kneeling elbow, in which I not only hit him with the elbow itself, but my arm also controls him here. Which leaves my other arm free to punch, or I can set it up for other attacks as well. So Kwai-jarn is the kneeling elbow.

And then the final elbow is called Pie-jarn, which is actually identical name to the one we have in Chum Kiu, except that the function is a little bit different. In the Chum Kiu form, we use the 90 degree Lan Shou structure for the elbow here. In the Biu Tze form, we have the folded in structure, but it's still a hacking elbow. And this can be used, for example, if somebody's giving me an elbow on this side here, and I just need to give them a quick defense here like this, I can defend here, and do the elbow this way like that, for example. And this is one example of how to use Pai-jarn, and how to use the three elbows in Biu Tze.

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