Causes of Osteoarthritis

Learn what causes osteoarthritis in this Howcast video about physical therapy exercises for the knees.

Transcript

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common problems in our facility. It's very common in the older population, and the reason why is because, in order to get to osteoarthritis you have to have a number of factors happening first. Osteoarthritis is basically going to be inflammation of the joints and in this case we're talking about the knee joint, so it's the knee joint.

In order to get to that point, you're unfortunately going to have some soft tissue breakdown over your first few decades of life. You have your cartilage breakdown and your meniscus breakdown. You're also going to have a lot of damage to the muscles around your knee and a weakness around your knee, as we're getting a little bit older. And as the result of the weakness around your leg, and your knee specifically, and also the soft tissue breakdown, eventually the bones come closer together inside your knee. You get a little bit of rubbing and friction and it can eventually lead to pain and that's when you are termed to have osteoarthritis.

So unfortunately, you do have to have a little bit of pain and suffering along the way to reach that diagnosis and once you reach that diagnosis, you are going to be dealing with a lot of swelling on an off in nature, difficulty with walking and doing stairs, as well as difficulty with your everyday activities like getting up from a chair, even. It is a big problem with your older population again, and that is again, due to the fact that you have to have a number of things happen first, in order to reach that diagnosis. But it is very manageable and also very treatable with the right amounts of exercise and correct exercise, as well as the right prescription medication from the doctor. So that's your osteoarthritis, it's a very common problem and we see it a lot in the clinic.

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