Hi. I'm Jeanie Tse, and I'm here to talk to your about the differences between male and female schizophrenia. So, males are 1.4 times more likely to have schizophrenia than females, so it's slightly more likely. And what we see is that, in males, schizophrenia tends to start around the early twenties, where in females it tends to be the late twenties and early thirties where onset occurs.
Females generally tend to do better than males with schizophrenia. And so, women with schizophrenia, you will see they have less of the affected flattening that men might have so they have less of that inability to express emotions, sort of a very flat response to either something that they are happy about or sad or angry about.
They will also have more of what we call affective symptoms or mood symptoms, so they will tend to have more depression when things become more stressful. They are less likely to use substances and to drift towards some of the, what we call, anti-social behavior that men with schizophrenia might get involved with because of many social factors, including a lack of opportunities and poverty.
Women also tend to be more sensitive to medications and so it's easier to treat some of their symptoms. At the same time, they tend to be more sensitive to medication side effects and so you have to use smaller doses and go slower. Women tend to have better social functioning when they have schizophrenia verses men, so they tend to be less withdrawn, tend to have a more of a support network which is important to recover from the illness as well.