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Types of Scorpions

Learn about all the different kinds of scorpions from Jungle Bob in this Howcast video.


From the class of arachnids, we're going to talk now about scorpions and the many, many different types of them that we find throughout the planet. In front of me is the emperor scorpion, which is the largest scorpion of the approximately 1,700 species that inhabit our world. Some of them you have to really be careful with because of the toxic nature. They're all venomous creatures, and they deliver their venom through a stinger that's located in their tail. But of those 1,700, usually what I always tell, the guys with the big, meaty claws, they have a very, very mild venom. If they have a little, thin claw, that's the one you've got to be careful.

Nature would give a scorpion with a thin claw a more powerful to subdue its prey, where these big guys grab their prey with the claws, and most times they can dispatch an animal just with those. If they need the venom, over it comes. The tail flies over the top of its body, and sting, sting, sting. They will sting the prey that's being held in their grasp. Oftentimes though the claws are enough. They're almost crablike. If you could reach out here, if you were with me, and feel it, it feels like a crab or a lobster body on the top. Why?

Because all scorpions have an exoskeleton, their skeleton on the outside of their body. Because they are arachnid, of course, they have eight legs, much like spiders, tarantulas, ticks, and the like. That's the family they come from. Little teeny tiny eyes. Nocturnal hunters for the most part. Don't come into play, the eyes, very much. but if you can get a closeup of the claws here, if I can get him to stop moving. I might let him bite me just for fun. There you go. Grab me with your claws. That slows them down. One his claws are a whole bunch of hairs, and different scorpions have different lengths of hairs.

But they use them almost like a cat uses its whiskers. So they're walking around in the desert or the forest at night, and they'll touch those hairs against something, and they try to figure out if its friend or foe. Is it something that's going to attack them? Or something that maybe they can make a meal out of, or something they don't have to worry about, like a stick or a rock. They're not really looking with their eyes very much. And that is how they go about life. We see them mostly around the equator, but some of them go way up north, like into the southern part of Canada and all the way into Australia. We'll see all kinds of scorpion species.

So a very successful animal, one that's feared, again due to mostly lack of knowledge. Like many creatures like it are, they're unknown, but the more you interface with them, you'll find they sometimes make really entertaining captive subjects because they look pretty menacing. That's a great conversation piece if you want to have that in your house. The scorpions from the arachnid group.

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