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Short-Term Memory vs. Long-Term Memory

Learn the difference between short-term memory and long-term memory in this Howcast video featuring memory expert Barry Reitman.


My name's Barry Wrightman, author of "Secrets, Tips and Tricks of a Powerful Memory," and I'd like to discuss briefly the difference between short term memory and long term memory. And they can be further be divided. Long term memory, the psychologist will tell you can be divided into explicit and implicit. If you study something and seek to remember it for a long period of time using any of the methods here or that you learned elsewhere, that's the explicit long term memory that you develop. Implicit long term memory is perhaps the car accident you saw a year ago that was quite terrible, that made an impression that stays with you.

Short term memory is your everyday functional memory. Anything from what you had for breakfast to who you have to call right now, to how to remember what you have to do next. That's your short-term memory. Seeing something and do you remember it. The systems that we learn typically most affect and are most helpful for our short term memory. Short term, I can't place a time limit on it. If I memorize something I usually tell myself how long I want to remember it, and then I may repeat whatever trick I've used, whatever visualization I've used and you can see a number of them in this video series. Perhaps the next day, I'll just review what I learned and perhaps one day more. Then I've taken that short term memory and turned it into an explicit long term memory.

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