Smaller and squatter than ordinary candles, votives are personal-sized creations perfect for private worship—or for perking up your patio, picnic, or poolside party.
: Keep flammable items away from the stove. Never leave melting wax unattended and never use direct heat to melt it. If the wax catches fire, do NOT try to douse it with water—use a fire extinguisher, baking soda, or, for a fire contained in a pot, cover it with the pot lid.
Step 1: Prepare workspace Prepare your workspace by covering it with wax paper or newspaper to make cleanup easier.
Step 2: Heat wax Place the wax into the double boiler setup and heat to between 150 and 200 degrees, depending on manufacturer's instructions. Use the thermometer to check the temperature frequently. Don't let it exceed 250 degrees or the vapors could become flammable.
TIP: One pound of wax will make about 5 small votive candles.
Step 3: Affix wick Affix the metal tab of a new wick to the bottom of each container using a dab of melted wax. Make sure the wick is centered and standing up straight.
TIP: Don't use wick putty for votive candles—it makes the finished candles very difficult to remove from the molds.
Step 4: Stir wax When the wax has reached its proper temperature and is fully melted, remove it from the heat, turn off the stove, and stir.
TIP: If you want to add color or fragrance, mix in the additives according to the package directions just before removing the wax from the heat.
Step 5: Pour wax Pour wax into each mold until it's half an inch below the rim, saving about a cup of wax for later use.
Step 6: Let cool Put the molds aside to cool, keeping them away from any drafts or flammable objects. And don't refrigerate them—the wax should cool slowly.
Step 7: Poke holes Once the top has cooled and a skin has formed, usually about 30 minutes to an hour later, use a toothpick to poke a few deep holes near each wick to help prevent air pockets from forming.
Step 8: Add wax As the temperature drops, the wax at the center of the candle tends to sink and form a well. Reheat the wax you saved and add it to the mold until the well is filled.
TIP: You may need to do this several times, but only fill the well, don't over-pour. If fresh wax seeps down the sides of the mold, the candle will be harder to remove later.
Step 9: Slide candle out After the candles have sat for several hours and cooled completely, turn the molds over and tap the bottoms until the candles slide free. If you used paper cup molds, simply peel them away.
Step 10: Trim wicks Trim the wicks to about a quarter of an inch and that's it—your votives are ready for action.
FACT: Did you know? Votives—which take their name from the Latin word vovere