If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, the good news is that there are many treatment options available. Here are some to consider.
- Step 1: Think about surgery. Another option in treating prostate cancer is surgery to remove the prostate. There are several surgical procedures available to do this.
- Step 2: Know that chemotherapy can be used to kill growing prostate cancer cells. This is an option for cancers that don't respond to hormone therapy. Now that you have some options, talk to your doctor about the next step.
- FACT: The number of new cases of prostate cancer in the U.S. in 2010 was estimated to be 217,730.
- Step 3: Check out hormone therapy. Hormone therapy stops your body from producing the male hormone testosterone, which contributes to the growth of prostate cancer cells. Options include medication and surgery.
- Step 4: Consider radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-powered radiation to kill cancer cells. It can be delivered from outside or inside the body.
- TIP: With this approach, you will have follow-up blood tests, rectal exams, and possibly biopsies to monitor the progression of the cancer.
- Step 5: Know that a treatment involving surgery or radiation may be recommended if your cancer is progressing more rapidly.
- Step 6: Be aware that watchful waiting is the preferred course of action for many men diagnosed with a very early stage of prostate cancer. It is appropriate if the cancer isn't causing symptoms, is expected to grow very slowly, and is confined to a small area of the prostate.