Although artichokes do best in areas where summers are cool and moist and where winters are mild, they can with accommodation be grown in most parts of the United States.
- Step 1: Cut the plants back so they are 1 or 2 inches off the ground following the first harvest. With any luck, you'll get a second harvest.
- Step 2: Mulch the plants in winter if you live in a mild climate. Otherwise, plan to start new plants in the coming year.
- FACT: Most of the artichokes sold commercially in the United States come from California.
- Step 3: Remove all but a few of the strongest new shoots that appear. Prune near the base of the plant. This will encourage larger buds.
- Step 4: Keep the artichoke bed moist, and water the plants as they grow.
- Step 5: Place the plants in a compost-rich bed with slightly acidic, sandy, and fast-draining soil. Artichokes prefer full sun, except in areas with hot summers.
- TIP: You can start artichokes from seeds indoors. Fertilize the seedlings with fish emulsion and transplant them after the danger of hard frost has passed.
- Step 6: Plant dormant artichoke roots or shoots from existing plants in fall or winter in frost-free climates or, in colder climates, in early spring.