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How To Grow Artichokes

Although artichokes do best in areas where summers are cool and moist and where winters are mild, they can with accommodation be grown in most parts of the United States.


  • Step 1: Cut the plants back so they are 1 or 2 inches off the ground following the first harvest. With any luck, you'll get a second harvest.
  • Step 2: Mulch the plants in winter if you live in a mild climate. Otherwise, plan to start new plants in the coming year.
  • FACT: Most of the artichokes sold commercially in the United States come from California.
  • Step 3: Remove all but a few of the strongest new shoots that appear. Prune near the base of the plant. This will encourage larger buds.
  • Step 4: Keep the artichoke bed moist, and water the plants as they grow.
  • Step 5: Place the plants in a compost-rich bed with slightly acidic, sandy, and fast-draining soil. Artichokes prefer full sun, except in areas with hot summers.
  • TIP: You can start artichokes from seeds indoors. Fertilize the seedlings with fish emulsion and transplant them after the danger of hard frost has passed.
  • Step 6: Plant dormant artichoke roots or shoots from existing plants in fall or winter in frost-free climates or, in colder climates, in early spring.

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