Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss. Typically, it occurs during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy. Although miscarriage is not always preventable, there are steps you can take to help keep your pregnancy healthy.
- Step 1: Avoid smoking, drinking, and drug use during your pregnancy.
- TIP: Limit your caffeine intake, or cut it out of your diet altogether.
- Step 2: Check with your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medications to make sure they are safe to take and won't increase your chances of miscarriage.
- Step 3: Keep clear of hazards that could cause miscarriage such as radiation, infectious diseases, and x-rays. Although there is always the risk of miscarriage, by protecting your body you can help protect the baby and have a healthier pregnancy.
- FACT: By age 40, women have a miscarriage rate of 25 to 35 percent.
- Step 4: Stay away from unpasteurized dairy and raw or undercooked meat to prevent miscarriage. These foods increase the risk of infection.
- Step 5: Protect your abdomen once you get pregnant. There is nothing wrong with moderate exercise, but avoid contact sports or physical activities that could cause injury.
- Step 6: Keep your body healthy before conceiving to help avoid any chromosomal abnormalities. Maintain a good body weight with exercise and by eating healthy.
- TIP: Take folic acid daily.
- Step 7: Get tested for sexually transmitted diseases. Untreated STDs like gonorrhea and herpes can raise your chances for miscarriage.
- Step 8: Have your doctor test your blood if you suspect you didn't receive all of your routine immunizations as a child. Get immunized before getting pregnant.
- Step 9: Know that the most common cause of miscarriage is chromosomal abnormality. This means that there is something wrong with the baby's chromosomes. Also understand that this type of miscarriage is difficult to prevent.