Besides specific treatment protocols, practicing first aid while camping requires the following general considerations.
- TIP: Do not remove the victim's clothing unless doing so is necessary for first aid treatment.
- Step 1: Decide whether the victim can be transported to a regular medical facility. If not, prepare a warm shelter where food is available, and get help as soon as possible.
- FACT: The term "first aid" was originally a contraction of "first treatment" and "National Aid."
- Step 2: Examine the injured person for any broken bones or fractures, and look for injuries to the head, neck, and spine.
- Step 3: Give the victim reassurance. Watch for signs of shock.
- TIP: Do not allow people to crowd around the victim.
- Step 4: Apply CPR if the victim is not breathing.
- Step 5: Stop any bleeding, using equipment from your first-aid kit.
- Step 6: Cover the victim with a blanket if the weather is cool, and have them lie down. Do not attempt to move the person until you have determined the extent of injuries.