How To Protect Your Eyes and Eyesight

As we age, some eyesight deterioration is inevitable. But many conditions that affect older persons can be treated to prevent major vision loss.


  • Step 1: Have an evaluation for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Treatments are available that limit the damage to vision.
  • FACT: Did you know? If dry AMD reaches the advanced stage, no form of treatment can prevent vision loss.
  • Step 2: Wear UV-protective sunglasses and a hat outdoors, don’t smoke, and eat a diet high in vitamins C and E and beta carotene to stall or prevent cataract formation.
  • Step 3: Have an evaluation for cataracts. If not treated, cataracts will worsen gradually and can lead to blindness.
  • TIP: Regular eye exams are important because some common eye diseases, including glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), appear without warning signs.
  • Step 4: Have an evaluation for glaucoma. If not treated, glaucoma will worsen and may result in blindness. Early detection and treatment can prevent or limit vision loss.
  • Step 5: Have your vision checked every two years by an eye care professional if you are middle-aged or older. Most peoples’ vision begins to deteriorate when they're in their 40s.

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