Celebrating Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, includes gathering with others for dinner. Here are the prayers to recite at your holiday table.
- Step 1: Continue praying for a sweet new year. Have the guests dip apple slices in honey and recite a blessing over them. _Baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech ha'olam borei p'ri ha'eitz_.
- Step 2: Take a bite from the honey-dipped apple, then say _Y'hi ratzon mil'fanekha adonai eloheinu vei'lohei avoteinu sh't'chadeish aleinu shanah tovah um'tukah_.
- Step 3: Finished praying? Wish everyone at the table a good year with a hearty _shana tova_ and enjoy your holiday dinner.
- FACT: Many people eat pomegranates at Rosh Hashanah dinner, since the fruit is believed to have the same number of seeds as there are commandments in the Torah.
- Step 4: Raise 2 covered round loaves of challah to symbolize the cycle of each year, and recite a prayer over them. _Baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech ha'olam hamotzi lechem min ha'aretz_. Then, tear off a piece of challah for everyone at the dinner table; dip the pieces in honey to symbolize a sweet new year.
- Step 5: After you finish the kiddush, recite a prayer to commemorate having lived to celebrate Rosh Hashanah again. _Baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech ha'olam shecheyanu, v'kiy'manu, v'higyanu lazman hazeh_.
- TIP: On Friday nights, add the words _Shabbat v'shel_ before _yom tov_. On Saturday nights, light the candles after _havdalah_, the ceremony that ends Shabbat.
- Step 6: Hold up a cup of wine or grape juice and say the kiddush, a prayer that sanctifies the liquid. _Baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech ha'olam borei p'ri hagafen_.
- TIP: For an extended version of the kiddush, consult a Jewish high holiday prayer book.
- Step 7: Rosh Hashanah begins in the evening. At sunset, light 2 candles, and recite: _Baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech ha'olam asher kidishanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'had'lik neir shel yom tov_.